Scrolling can be detected by binding scroll event to window. To determine the scroll direction we need to compare the present scroll position with previous scroll position.
Source Code       DEMO

Program Flow

  1. Compare window.pageYOffset with lastScrollPosition - If it is greater the scroll direction is down or the scroll direction is up
  2. Store present window.pageYOffset to lastScrollPosition 
Script - app.component.ts

Here we are identifying scroll direction using window.onscroll event. NgZone helps to re-render the template with updated value.
import { Component, Inject} from '@angular/core';
import { NgZone } from '@angular/core';

@Component({
  selector: 'my-app',
  template: `
  <div style="position:fixed;top:0px;padding:10px;border:1px solid #ccc;">Scroll direction :  <strong>{{direction}}</strong> </div>
  <div style="height:1000px;margin-top:50px;padding:10px;border:1px solid #ccc;">
  Scroll down and up, observe the direction
  </div>
  <br/>
  <h3>bottom</h3>
  `
})
export class AppComponent {
  lastScrollTop: number = 0;
  direction: string = "";

  constructor(lc: NgZone) {
     window.onscroll = () => {
        let st = window.pageYOffset;
        let dir = '';
        if (st > this.lastScrollTop) {
            dir = "down";
        } else {
            dir = "up";
        }
        this.lastScrollTop = st;
        lc.run(() => {
          this.direction = dir;
        });
      };
  }
}

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